Formula 1 Car Aerodynamics

by on Mar.13, 2012, under Formula1, Uncategorized

When you talk of Formula 1 cars and the F1 race, the science of aerodynamics will definitely form part of the conversation. Aerodynamics plays a very vital role in enhancing the Formula 1 car’s pace and grip.

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This science dictates that in order to attain maximum speed, a vehicle has to have optimum downward force and the least drag possible. But lately, the FIA has imposed a few revisions in their rules regarding the allowable design on F1 cars clipping away the winglets and other aerodynamic components.
One of the reasons why Formula 1 cars can accomplish so much speed is because of the material used in making the vehicle’s body. The body of Formula 1 cars is usually made from ultra-lightweight materials such as carbon fiber. Nevertheless, since there is a minimum weight requirement imposed by the Formula 1 ruling body, constructors attach ballasts onto the cars. Aside from weight compliance, these ballasts provide a way of evenly distributing the weight making the car more stable even when driving fast on sharp curves.
For so long, Formula 1 cars have been powered by 3.0-liter V10 engines but in 2006, FIA imposed the use of the 2.4-liter V8 engines. And to further reduce fuel consumption among its racers, Formula 1 cars are now only allowed to run on engines limited to 19,000 rpm.

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Add to this the rule that only iron alloys and aluminum are to be used as materials in constructing Formula 1 cars.
The world championship for Formula 1 is a series of races held in various circuits and they are called Grand Prix races. There are special venues for Formula 1 races but in other areas such as the Monte Carlo Grand Prix and the Monaco Grand Prix, the races are done in the streets. Although the Grand Prix races are now done in various parts of the world, the center of Formula 1 activity is still in Europe where these races all began. Some of the oldest venues for the Formula 1 Grand Prix races include the Monza Circuit in Italy and the Silverstone Circuit located in England. But the other new circuits offer unique racing opportunities. Take for example the Sepang International Circuit in Malaysia famous for its extended straight roads offering more opportunities for the F1 drivers to strategically overtake their rivals. The makers of the Bahrain Circuit spared no expense in building a high tech desert track while the Japanese Suzuka Circuit has always been known to be quite a challenge for F1 drivers.

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